With Apple and Android platforms being more competitive and enterprises starting to know more than ever the importance of having mobile applications, cross-platform app development is becoming a trend in 2020. In 2018, the cross-app development was a $7.5 billion market.
This is set to grow in the coming days.
What is the Cross-Platform Framework?
There are two ways of building apps for an operating system. One is native development, and another is a cross-platform framework.
Native development lets us create an app for a single platform. For example, XCode is an IDE allowing us to build applications for iOS.
On the other hand, cross-platform app development allows developers to create mobile applications compatible with more than one OS. For instance, if someone wants to create a game for android and IOS, they won’t have to write the code twice for the platforms if they opt for a cross-platform framework.
What are Cross-Platform App Development Tools?
Now that you know what cross-platform app development is, we discuss this. Cross-platform development tools are software that allow you to create apps for different platforms. There are various cross-platform tools on the market, and you choose one depending on the required features, programming language, and the price.
The Best Cross-Platform App Development Tools in 2020
Here are the most popular Cross-Platform App Development Tools you can use to create mobile applications in 2020:
The good thing about Adobe Phonegap is that it is based on the open-source Apache Cordova framework. You don’t need to pay any money to use it. The community is helpful, and you will find a lot of reviews, support, tips, and others on various threads on the internet.
You don’t need to maintain native STKs after writing and compiling your apps with Phonegap. It can create applications for Android, iOS, and Windows phones with a single coding.
Xamarin is from Microsoft Visual Studio. Similar to Adobe Phonegap, you can use it to create apps for Android, IOS, and Windows.
Xamarin uses C# and Ruby for coding. With its ease of usage and compatibility, it is no wonder that big companies like Foursquare, IBM, and Microsoft itself use this tool for coding. Moreover, it has a large community, and as you can share your code on the go, it helps group development and learning.
The apps that use Xamarin look like native apps because the tool uses native interfaces. Despite that, no matter what platform you are building your app, the code will be about 80% the same for all.
The downside is that even if the tool is free for individuals and startups, established enterprises need to pay for it. Other than that, developers strongly recommend using native app development for applications rather than Xamarin if they make extensive use of graphics.
React Native is another one of the most popular cross-development apps in the world right now. It is owned by Facebook.
You can share about 80% of code between platforms. With some native features and APIs, the final app will look very much like a native development, making your apps ‘feel’ natural for every platform. There is a preview screen where you can see your progress.
With its feature called the Hyperloop, Appcelerator gives users direct access to Android and iOS APIs. The company claims code reuse of 60% to 90%, and the designer tool is mostly drag and drop. The UI also consists of a preview window where developers can see their work progress.
Appcelerator is free only for solo developers. There is a fixed price for growing businesses, and established enterprises need to ask for a quote. The features and support increase depending on the price you pay.
Google first released a beta version of Flutter on May 27, and it took more than a year (December 2018) to make the first stable release. It is a cross-development tool allowing users to build Android and IOS apps with the same coding.
Flutter is similar to Xamarin and React Native in a way that it complies source code to native code. So, the apps built for all the platforms on Flutter look like they were built on a native IDE.
Furthermore, the tool is based on Dart, a very simple programming language to learn. There are various features and the one that stands out is ‘Hot Reload.’ With it, you can make changes to the code and it will be executed in seconds (even during the runtime).
Thus, it offers a lot of flexibility for the coder.
Apps such as Alibaba, Google Ads, Tencent and Birch Finance were made using Flutter. And yes, it’s open source and you don’t need to pay for the core functionalities.
Fun Fact: Ever heard of Fuchsia? It is an OS currently being developed by Google. By the way, all the applications on Fuchsia will be created using Flutter.
Corona is mostly used for building games for mobile phones, TV, and desktop computers with single coding. Coders prefer using corona for building 2D games for android, IOS, Amazon Fire, Mac, and Windows Desktop and TVs like Apple TV, Fire TV, and Android TV.
The tool uses Lua, an open-source scripting language based on C. Games like Angry Birds, Civilization and Aquaria were built using Lua. Furthermore, Corona has various plugins you can use for features like in-app advertising, media, analytics, etc.
Corona boasts more than 500,000 developers in its community and forums. Hence, you can find a lot of support if you have questions or inquiries.
Finally, Corona is free. You may have to pay for some plugins, but the core functionality doesn’t cost a penny for individuals and enterprises. This one fact has made it the first-choice tool for many game creators around the world.
5 App is a cross-platform tool with a very specific niche. It is for companies developing apps for their employees.
The idea of the tool is a little different here; instead of helping coders make apps for different platforms, they want to help companies ensure better communications with their employees.
The main focus of 5App is security. Companies like Zurich, Detect ED, Greystar use the platform.
Your company can first request a demo before paying for the tool.
We can’t miss out on QT when talking about cross-platform mobile development tools. This tool lets you code in C++.
QT has its own Integrated Development Environment (IDE), which runs on Android, Windows, OS X, Linux, and some other systems. The IDE has an integrated help system consisting of some very important information and tips, intelligent code completion feature, syntax highlighting, debugger, and more.
As you will be coding in C++, you will be doing object-oriented development, making your program more compliant with the real-world entities. This will make your coding effective and easier.
Some developers complain that the UI is not very smooth. Moreover, even if it allows cross-platform development, apps developed in QT don’t necessarily have the native feel like in Xamarin and PhoneGap.
You can try the tool before buying it. Also, there are some other plugins that you can download for free or a fixed price for additional features.
The concept of Cross-Platform App Development is straightforward; it means creating the same application for different operating systems without having to rewrite the code for each of them. There are various cross-platform development tools, and the one you choose depends on your expertise in programming language and your feature preferences.